Russia’s sub par submarines- Trouble under the surface of military reform

Tom Barton is a British journalist and War Studies Alumnus who’s been reporting from Moscow for the past five years. He covers Russia, the former Soviet Union, Europe and the Middle East. See his blog at- or follow him on twitter- @TomBartonJourno

Things are not looking good for the nuclear and conventional military arsenal Russian generals love to use in their sabre rattling threats.

In the past few weeks there have been three separate worrying indications (two submarine accidents and a missile test failure) that the $650 billion being snatched away from Russian schools and hospitals and thrown at the military budget may be money down the plughole, and that’s even without the corruption to take into account.

The Russian nuclear powered submarine Tomsk was undergoing repairs near Russia’s far eastern port of Vladivostok on Monday 16th September when it burst into flames and burnt for five hours. The Defence ministry eventuallychanged its story and admitted that fifteen sailors had been wounded in the fire, contradicting its earlier certainty that everything was totally fine. It was the second fire of this kind on board a Russian submarine in less than two years.

The first was the submarine Yekaterinburg which also burst into flames in its shipyard in north western Russia in December 2011. Officials said at the time that there had been no nuclear missiles on board. That was a lie said one respected magazine afterwards, citing its own sources. This caused an international furore with Norway’s Foreign Minister among those demanding the truth. A terrifying thought.

Staying on the subject of submarines, in August this year an Indian submarine INS Sindhurakshak was rocked by two huge explosions and fire ripped through the vessel as it sat in dock in Mumbai. Eighteen sailors on board were killed by the blasts and the boat sank in the port. It is one of India’s worst ever naval accidents. That submarine was bought from Russia in 1997. In 2010 it had been sent to Russia and refitted with Russian cruse missiles. Investigators say it may have been the weapons on board, possibly those missiles, that exploded causing the disaster. There are nine more ‘Kilo-class’ submarines like that one which India bought from Russia. The Indian government has now been forced to review its safety systems on board all of them.

Russia’s submarine woes don’t end there. In November 2008 the fire extinguishing system on the Russian submarine Nerpa went off as it was doing sea trials. Compartments on board were flooded with deadly gas, killing twenty. Despite the catastrophe that submarine has since been leased and then commissioned into the Indian Navy as INS Chakra.

But the greatest tragedy of them all since the collapse of the Soviet Union was on the Russian submarine Kursk. In August 2000 explosions on board sank the Kursk in the Barent’s sea. Those of the 118 crew not killed by the explosions had time to write notes before the oxygen ran out. All the while the Russian government of then new President Vladimir Putin refused help from other countries which might have saved them. The criticism of Putin, who stayed on holiday in the south of Russia and said nothing to a distraught Russian people for five days as the horror of the Kursk catastrophe unfolded, was vociferous and remains to this day.

All of these accidents have occurred since the year 2000 making Russia’s public record on submarine technical safety far worse than that of any other country.

Lets go back to those nuclear weapons and missiles, the one’s Russia prides itself on above all. Chief of the Russian General Staff Nikolai Makarov loves threatening people with them. In November 2011 he announced that,”I do not rule out local and regional armed conflicts developing into a large-scale war, including using nuclear weapons.” For him it seems the cold never ended and as analysts pointed out that violent sabre rattling was directed straight at Europe, the US and NATO.


3 thoughts on “Russia’s sub par submarines- Trouble under the surface of military reform

  1. Pingback: The Interpreter

  2. Oscar Jonsson says:

    If I remember correctly, Putin was not aware of firstly the existence and secondly the extent of the Kursk accident. This was one of the events that really initiated reform in civil-military relations in Russia. Of course he will still get public criticism for it…

  3. npk says:

    Even after years F-16s fall from sky..ISrael have many times grounded the jet…so does everything…in order to sell their products WEST/US is using media…if that is wrong why Russia stands #1 in Submarine sales…during tests and at development stages such issues would arise..Indians clearly said that miss handling of weapons has caused the blast…don’t know why this authors jumps to sky

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